About Flamingo - Everglades National Park

Spanning the southern tip of the Florida peninsula and most of Florida Bay, Everglades National Park is the only subtropical preserve in North America. It contains both temperate and tropical plant communities, including sawgrass prairies, mangrove and cypress swamps, pinelands, and hardwood hammocks, as well as marine and estuarine environments. The park is known for its rich bird life, particularly large wading birds, such as the roseate spoonbill, wood stork, great blue heron and a variety of egrets. It is also the only place in the world where alligators and crocodiles exist side by side.

No other place combines a subtropical climate, a broad, shallow river, and a stunning diversity of plants and animals into such a complex and fragile ecosystem. No other place is so dramatically defined by annual rhythms of drought and flood, fire and sunshine and torrential rain.

Everglades National Park is one of the country's largest parks and a treasure of biological diversity. The park was established in 1947 by President Harry S. Truman to protect the unique and fragile ecosystem. Located less than an hour from the Miami metropolitan area, this subtropical wilderness is a combination of one and a half million acres of sawgrass prairie, shimmering waters, and mangrove forests sheltering a tremendous spectrum of wild life. Animal life is varied and includes the endangered American crocodile, alligators, bobcats, deer, dolphins, and a wide variety of fish. In addition, more than 345 species of birds winter in the park.

The Flamingo area provides some of the best views of Florida Bay in the park as well as sunsets across the waters…

The site of the present visitor complex was an early settlement, once the only settlement in the southern part of the Everglades in the Cape Sable area. The post office there was established in 1893. The town was named after the famous bird, although they have been rarely seen in the area since 1902. Those who came to settle engaged in hunting, farming, commercial fishing, growing of sugar cane, charcoal making and milling. Later, the illegal distillation of whisky took place near Flamingo and elsewhere in the Everglades.

However, the climate an insect populations, lack of deep water channel, difficulty in reaching the area, the treat and reality of storm damage, and limited living area prevented the town of Flamingo from growing very large. Many who settled remained only a short while. By 1920, only a few houses remained at the settlement, and although a road linking Homestead with Flamingo was completed in 1922, it had no effect on growth of the town.

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